In many cases, benign tumors need no treatment. waiting" to make sure they cause no problems. But. Brain tumors are treated with surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. If hydrocephalus is present, you may need a shunt to drain cerebrospinal fluid. This section tells you the treatments that are the standard of care for a brain tumor . “Standard of care” means the best treatments known. When making treatment.
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Radiation Therapy for Lung Cancer. Learn About Lung Cancer Small-cell. Learn About Lung Cancer Non-small-cell. Please type your comment or suggestion into the text box below. Please contact your physician with specific medical questions or for a referral to a radiologist or other physician. To locate a medical imaging or radiation oncology provider in your community, you can search the ACR-accredited facilities database. This website does not provide cost information.
The costs for specific medical imaging tests, treatments and procedures may vary by geographic region. Web page review process: This Web page is reviewed regularly by a physician with expertise in the medical area presented and is further reviewed by committees from the Radiological Society of North America RSNA and the American College of Radiology ACR , comprising physicians with expertise in several radiologic areas.
For the convenience of our users, RadiologyInfo. Lung cancer overview What are my treatment options? What happens during radiation therapy? What are possible side effects of radiation therapy? What kind of treatment follow-up should I expect?
Are there any new developments in treating my disease? Lung cancer overview More than one in four of all diagnosed cancers involve the lung, and lung cancer remains the most common cancer-related cause of death among American men and women. What are my treatment options? Pre-treatment evaluation Before treatment, a biopsy is usually performed to determine whether a patient has cancer, and if so, what type.
Tests are recommended to determine the stage of the tumor. These tests usually include blood tests and imaging. The treatment options and expected results of treatment depend on the stage of the tumor. Treatment options overview How does the treatment method depend on the type of lung cancer? How does the stage of disease guide lung cancer treatment?
How effective is treatment for inoperable lung cancer? Most patients tire easily after receiving their first radiation treatments. This fatigue gradually increases as treatment continues and may become severe, seriously limiting the ability to engage in normal daily activities.
Typically, fatigue lessens one to two months after radiotherapy is completed. If you experience fatigue it is important to get enough rest, but at the same time your physician may suggest that you stay as active as possible.
Some patients experience hair loss in the area of the chest wall included in the radiation field. Depending on how much radiation is delivered, this may be temporary or permanent. Skin irritation is the rule after a few weeks of radiation therapy. The affected area may be reddened, dry, tender and itchy. This reaction can become quite severe during a long course of treatment. It helps to keep the skin clean with gentle soap and warm water, to dry it well and to avoid very hot water while bathing.
A sunscreen should be used when skin in the treated area is exposed to sunlight. Perfumes, cosmetics and deodorants should not be used in the area of treatment. After daily treatments you may apply an unscented cream or lotion. Temporary loss of appetite is a possibility. Esophagitis , inflammation of the tube that conveys food from the mouth to the stomach, is common after radiotherapy for lung cancer and can be severe.
The esophagus is very sensitive to radiation, and worse damage occurs in patients who also receive chemotherapy. Esophagitis makes it difficult to swallow and some patients have lost 10 percent or more of their body weight as a result. Nevertheless the inflammation settles within three weeks of completing treatment in most patients and shortly thereafter they begin to regain their lost weight.
An inflammation of the lungs called radiation pneumonitis may develop three to six months after radiotherapy is over. It causes coughing and shortness of breath as well as fever but in most cases calls for no specific treatment and gets better within two to four weeks. Less invasive surgical methods are under study. They require a much smaller incision and allow the patient to be up within hours after surgery ends. Immunotherapy uses drugs that boost the patient's immune system to help control cancer.
Some studies, but not all, have shown better survival rates when these drugs are given after surgery. Gene therapy may kill cancer cells or slow their growth when healthy genes are delivered directly into a lung tumor. Angiogenesis inhibitors are agents that prevent new blood vessels from forming in growing cancers and may actually turn off the tumor's blood supply. This remains an experimental approach but is promising in part because it seems to cause very few side effects.
Genetic testing is being evaluated in order to select patients for appropriate treatment. Clinical Trials For information and resources about clinical trials and to learn about current clinical trials being conducted, see: Send us your feedback Did you find the information you were looking for?
Patient undergoing radiation therapy. View full size with caption. Surgeons do their best to remove all of the cancer during surgery. But it is always possible to leave behind a small group of cancer cells.
You can read about surgery for cancer. Cancer may sometimes come back after cancer drug treatment or radiotherapy. This can happen because the treatment did not destroy all the cancer cells. Normal cells go into a long rest period between divisions.
Cancer cells do too, although the rest period may be much shorter. Giving chemotherapy in a series of treatments helps to catch as many cells dividing as possible. But it is unlikely that any chemotherapy treatment will kill every single cancer cell in the body. You might find it helpful to read more about how chemotherapy works. These breaks stop cancer cells from growing and dividing and often make them die.
If radiotherapy doesn't kill all of the cancer cells, they will regrow at some point in the future. We have more information about radiotherapy treatment. Targeted cancer drugs work by 'targeting' those differences that help a cancer cell to survive and grow. Some treatments may get rid of a cancer completely. Others may shrink the cancer or control it for some months or years. But there may be a small group of cells that remain in the body.
You can read more about how targeted cancer drugs work. Cancers develop from normal cells that have changed or mutated to become cancerous. If this happens, you can sometimes have a different type of treatment. But unfortunately, sometimes cancers develop resistance to many drugs at the same time. Scientists have found a group of genetic mutations that they think can cause drug resistance.
These mutations mean that the cancer cell can keep the drugs out. The resistant cells have high levels of a substance called p-glycoprotein. P-glycoprotein is a protein found in cell walls. The protein acts as a pump and removes toxins from cells. Researchers have been looking at drug resistance for almost as long as they have used cancer drugs.
Treating Cancer Naturally: 11 Strategies That Work
Making a decision about treatment can feel overwhelming. In a short time, you are called upon to make critical decisions about your future, many of which are. People with brain tumors have several treatment options. You and your health care team can work together to develop a treatment plan that meets your. Treatment of benign tumors. Not all benign tumors need treatment. Even once it's removed, you may need speech therapy.